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LEARNING TOOLS IN THIS RESOURCE:
SHORT GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS
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Putting a verb in the negative in Italian is
generally very easy. You just place the word NON before the verb. Examples:
◊ io NON
ho ≡ I don't have
◊ io NON sono
≡ I am not
◊ io NON faccio
≡ I don't do
◊ io NON oso
≡ I dare not
Here some more examples with different verbs, tenses and moods:
◊ io NON sapevo ≡
I didn't know
◊ io NON vedrò
≡ I won't see
◊ io NON farei
≡ I wouldn't do
◊ io NON ho potuto
≡ I was unable to
io NON ho ≡ I don't have
◊ NON pensi che sia vero?
≡ don't you think it may be
◊ NON avevo mai visto un film così
≡ I had never seen such a film
◊ NON va affatto bene
≡ it's not all right at all
◊ NON funziona
≡ it doesn't work
◊ NON andar via
≡ don't go away!
◊ io NON farei così tante storie
≡ I wouldn't fuss so much
◊ NON è vero ma pazienza
≡ it's not true but let's
forget about it
◊ NON hai fame?
≡ aren't you hungry?
◊ come mai NON è sposato?
≡ how come he is not married?
◊ NON faresti meglio a dire la verità?
≡ wouldn't it be better if you
told the truth?
◊ NON averlo detto subito è stato un
errore! ≡ Not saying it right
away was a mistake
However, you can (or even must)
sometimes insert personal, impersonal and reflexive pronouns - also combined
- between the negation NON and the VERB. Examples:
me l'avevi detto ≡ you hadn't told me about
◊ NON te lo
≡ I don't want to tell you about it
◊ NON me lo
≡ don't leave it here (for me
to look after it)
glieli dare ≡ don't give them to him
si capisce niente ≡ one can't understand
anything (= you can't understand anything)
glielo si può dare ≡ one can't
give it to him (= you can't really give it to him)
ci si può fidare di lui ≡ you
can't really trust him
me lo sono dimenticato ≡ I didn't
me ne importa niente ≡ I couldn't care
te ne preoccupare ≡ don't worry about it
Sometimes you can add CHE (that)
in the chain of words between NON and the verb to achieve up to 4
consecutive in-between words! Examples:
che mi piacesse! ≡ not that I really
che non me lo fossi
guadagnato! ≡ not that I hadn't earned it!
che lo si potesse prevedere! ≡ not that
one could have foreseen it!
- The Definite Article
- Stressed and Unstressed
Direct Object Personal Pronouns
- The Second Person Pronoun TU
- Subject After the Verb
- Negative Form
- The Italian Progressive Form