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 ITALIAN GRAMMAR
 
FREE RESOURCE
- LEVEL: BEGINNER

LEARNING TOOLS IN THIS RESOURCE
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SHORT GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS

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Stressed/Unstressed Personal Pronouns

  • Italian personal pronouns have two forms when they are used in the direct object case: a stressed form and an unstressed one.
     

  • The stressed form is so called because it carries a prominent accent, while the unstressed form tends to merge with the rest of the sentence without a noticeable accent being heard.

    NOTE
    : In some expressive contexts, also the unstressed form becomes stressed.
     

  • Here is the list of both the stressed and unstressed forms. As you can see from the examples, the position of the stressed forms is always AFTER the verb while the position of the unstressed forms is always BEFORE the verb.
     
    PERSON SUBJECT
    FORM
    DIRECT OBJECT STRESSED FORM EXAMPLE ENGLISH DIRECT OBJECT UNSTRESSED FORM EXAMPLE
    I io me tu vedi me you see me mi tu mi vedi
    II tu/te te io vedo te I see you ti io ti vedo
    III (M) lui lui io vedo lui I see him lo io lo vedo
    III (F) lei lei io vedo lei I see her la io la vedo
    IV noi noi tu vedi noi you see us ci tu ci vedi
    V voi voi io vedo voi I see you vi io vi vedo
    VI loro loro io vedo loro I see them li (m)
    le
    (f)
    io li vedo
    io le vedo

     

  • Generally speaking, these two forms should not be considered as interchangeable. Using the one instead of the other can generate examples of clumsy Italian, although, luckily, there will be no problem in being understood. It's understandable that English speakers living in Italy should tend to prefer the stressed forms as this feels much more similar to the way English works but if the student wants to acquire real fluency then he or she should try to use the unstressed forms as much as possible.


   ITALIAN GRAMMAR    

  1. The Definite Article
  2. Stressed and Unstressed Direct Object Personal Pronouns
  3. The Second Person Pronoun TU
  4. Subject After the Verb
  5. Negative Form
  6. The Italian Progressive Form

 

 

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