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 ITALIAN GRAMMAR
 
FREE RESOURCE
- LEVEL: BEGINNER

LEARNING TOOLS IN THIS RESOURCE
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SHORT GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS

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The Second Person Pronoun TU

  • In English YOU is used when addressing both one person or more than one person. In Italian two separate pronouns are used:

    tu you singular
    voi you plural

    NOTE: In the last two decades there has been a shift in usage from TU to TE which is mainly due to the influence of dialects and what we can call regional Italian. So most young people now tend to say TE instead of TU when speaking informally. Formal Italian still requires the TU form and we would advise against using TE, as in some circles (schools, academical institutions) it is still considered a serious mistake.
     

  • As verbs in Italian must agree with their corresponding pronouns, one has to pay attention to the pronoun being used in order to choose the right verbal form. Examples:

    you (singular) go to the cinema too often tu VAI al cinema troppo spesso  
    you (plural) go the cinema too often voi ANDATE al cinema troppo spesso
    you (singular) eat too much meat tu MANGI troppa carne  
    you (plural) eat too much meat voi MANGIATE troppa carne
     

  • Be careful when using TU, as this personal pronoun can only be used to address one's family, friends and work colleagues. When talking to somebody that you don't know very well, or a superior in rank, you have to use LEI (see the post: Difference between TU and LEI)
     

  • TU is just the subject form of a range of 2nd person singular pronouns including also TI, TE, TUO, TUA, TUOI, TUE. Equally, VOI is the subject form of a range of 2nd person plural pronouns including also VI, VE, VOSTRO, VOSTRA, VOSTRI, VOSTRE. So what applies in the case of TU/VOI applies also to the corresponding forms in the two sets of pronouns.


   ITALIAN GRAMMAR    

  1. The Definite Article
  2. Stressed and Unstressed Direct Object Personal Pronouns
  3. The Second Person Pronoun TU
  4. Subject After the Verb
  5. Negative Form
  6. The Italian Progressive Form

 

 

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